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Sysadmins of the North, a technical blog in English and Dutch

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When a large scale spam run was sent through your mail servers, you need to clean up and remove those spam messages. Doing so guarantees normal, valid email messages being sent quickly and the spam messages never leave your queue. In Postfix, there are various similar commands to delete messages from the Postfix mail queue. Based on the Message-ID and/or email address.

One of those is:

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Malware Must Die! has done a great, and extensive write-up on the subject of hacked and abused FTP sites (accounts). This topic fits well within my daily routine investigating and closing down hacked websites, for which I have to use various techniques for finding those hacked sites. As you might know, website security is one of the major themes of this site.

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All you need to do to install the WebSockets feature in IIS, is executing the following PowerShell command:

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Test MySQL database connectivity with ASP.NET, PHP, ASP

Whenever you need to test the MySQL database connectivity from a website or server, it’s handy to have various test scripts nearby. Whether it is because you are setting up a new website or you have just installed a new server and are running your tests. Nowadays, many websites depend on a MySQL or MariaDB database because CMS systems like WordPress, Joomla and Drupal are so popular, and Umbraco too. You want your webserver to connect to MySQL fast and properly :)

Throughout the examples, we always use “mysql.example.com” as our database hostname, “example_db” as databasename and username, “password” is our password.

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How to hide file extensions, such as .php or .asp, with URL Rewrite.

Sometimes it’s important to hide the file extension of scripts you use. Security by obscurity might be one of those reasons, if you don’t want others to know what script language you are using. Or you just want to hide the file extension for no apparent reason. In this example, we hide the .php extension using the IIS URL Rewrite module, in a ready to use rule example.

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How to redirect HTTP traffic to HTTPS with IIS URL Rewrite is a question that keeps popping up, just about everywhere. Here you find a ready to use URL Rewrite rule.

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Google PageSpeed Insights recommends optimizing or compressing images such as PNGs, and to minify Javascript and CSS. Minifying resources refers to eliminating unnecessary bytes, such as extra spaces, line breaks, and indentation. Compacting HTML, CSS, and JavaScript can speed up downloading, parsing, and execution time. In addition, for CSS and JavaScript, it is possible to further reduce the file size by renaming variable names as long as the HTML is updated appropriately to ensure the selectors continue working (Source: Google PageSpeed Insights – Minify Resources).

How to accomplish this the easy, and fast way?

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While investigating SMTP authentication issues, over an Transport Layer Security (TLS) encrypted connection, it’s always handy if you are able to test the SMTP authentication and StartTLS connection from the command line. SMTP Authentication, often abbreviated SMTP AUTH, is an extension of the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol whereby an SMTP client may log in using an authentication mechanism chosen among those supported by the SMTP server.

Most problems come forth from the fact that either the username and password log in combination is wrong, or the server doesn’t support StartTLS or the authentication mechanism used. Here, we address and verify them all. Being able to verify (Start)TLS encrypted connections and SMTP AUTH options is ideal for when you’re having problems with website forms (scripts) that send emails from a website using authenticated SMTP over an TLS encrypted connection.

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On StrongLoop we find an interesting article on scaling Node.js with proxies and clusters:

Node apps essentially run single-threaded, even though file and network events could leverage multiple threads. This architecture thereby binds the performance of each application instance/process to one logical CPU core that the thread it’s attached to. To a J2EE architect like me, this highlights immaturity in Node as an enterprise ready technology. Application servers like JBoss or Weblogic already solved this 10 years back using server core multi-threading and parallelism. Little did I realize that context switching between threads ate up my memory and I still had a blocking IO problem.

In a way, discovering the lack of threading prepares the Node developer to write scalable asynchronous code and use libraries like web-sockets from the get-go rather than worry about scalability later in the application life cycle. But this code optimization is still capped to the scaling limits of a single CPU core. So, how is production scaling achieved in the Node world today?

Read on at Node.js Performance Tip of the Week: Scaling with Proxies and Clusters


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About Sysadmins of the North

Hi and welcome to Sysadmins of the North!

Sysadmins of the North is just another technical blog. Just like so many others out there. Most posts are written in English, some in Dutch. On Saotn.org you can find all kinds of computer, server, web, sysadmin, database and security related stuff.

About me: My name is Jan Reilink. I am not a hacker, coder, developer, programmer or guru. I am merely a system administrator, doing his daily thing at Vevdia Services in the Netherlands. Living in the north of the Netherlands, so hence the name Sysadmins of the North :-)

Drop me a comment somewhere or send an email to say hi, or discuss about security, website or WordPress, performance, Windows or IIS topics.

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IT Books & WP Themes

Windows PowerShell Cookbook: The Complete Guide to Scripting Microsoft\'s Command Shell
DNS and BIND - 5th Edition
DNSSEC Mastery: Securing the Domain Name System with BIND
Windows Server 2012 Unleashed
Enfold - Responsive Multi-Purpose WordPress Theme
Striking MultiFlex & Ecommerce Responsive WordPress Theme

 

The Sysadmins of the North network

Just for the fun of it, Sysadmins of the North is hosted on mulitple servers:

  1. one (shared) Windows Server 2012, IIS 8.0 webserver running PHP 5.5
  2. one (shared) MySQL database server, running MariaDB 5.5
  3. one Varnish Cache HTTP reverse proxy with Apache, for offloaded static content
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