Yahoo! YSlow recommends removing Entity tags – also known as “ETag”. Unfortunately removing the ETag response header is not an easy task on Windows Server IIS web servers. Here I show you how to properly remove ETag HTTP response headers with an IIS Rewrite Module Outbound rewrite rule.
Remove ETag response header in IIS
Entity Tags (ETags) are commonly used in Web applications to effectively leverage the use of web farms, which is a non-fancy term for HTTP/S load balancing. In web farms, a common practice is to set what is called ETags headers, as it helps enhance performance in web farm scenarios.
You might expect you can easily remove Entity tags, or Etag headers , in IIS by using
<remove name="ETag" /> in the
customHeaders node of the web.config configuration file.
<httpProtocol> <customHeaders> <remove name="ETag"/> </customHeaders> </httpProtocol>
or by setting its value to an empty string:
<httpProtocol> <customHeaders> <remove name="ETag"/> <add name="ETag" value=" "/> </customHeaders> </httpProtocol>
<httpProtocol> <customHeaders> <remove name="ETag"/> <add name="ETag" value="""" /> </customHeaders> </httpProtocol>
customHeaders are ignored…
Unfortunately removing the ETag response header is not an easy task on Windows Server IIS web servers. Luckily you can use an IIS URL Rewrite Outbound Rule in Windows Server to rewrite, and remove, the ETags response header. And here is how.
Outbound Rewrite Rule to properly remove ETag headers in IIS
You have to use an Outbound Rule to remove Etag headers. Use the following URL Rewrite Outbound Rule in your web.config, to remove the ETag header:
<outboundRules> <rule name="Remove ETag"> <match serverVariable="RESPONSE_ETag" pattern=".+" /> <action type="Rewrite" value="" /> </rule> </outboundRules>
It’s pretty straight forward what this rule does, no need to explain.
Thanks to NathanFox.net for sharing this information.
Disable Etag response header completely in IIS applicationHost.config
If you have administrator access to the IIS web server and you want to completely disable Etag headers, then you can do so in your IIS
applicationHost.config configuration file.
Since IIS 8.0 you have an updated
IIS_schema.xml file, with the following contents:
<element name="clientCache"> <attribute name="cacheControlMode" type="enum" defaultValue="NoControl"> <enum name="NoControl" value="0" /> <enum name="DisableCache" value="1" /> <enum name="UseMaxAge" value="2" /> <enum name="UseExpires" value="3" /> </attribute> <attribute name="cacheControlMaxAge" type="timeSpan" defaultValue="1.00:00:00" /> <attribute name="httpExpires" type="string" /> <attribute name="cacheControlCustom" type="string" /> <attribute name="setEtag" type="bool" defaultValue="true" /> </element>
You can find IIS_schema.xml in the folder
C:\Windows\System32\inetsrv\config\schema. This means you can add the following in your
<clientCache setEtag="false" />
And for a website level, you can add it to your web.config file as well.
When you’ve already have an entry for
clientCache, you can just add in the
setEtag attribute within the element:
<staticContent> <clientCache cacheControlMode="UseMaxAge" cacheControlMaxAge="14.00:00:00" setEtag="false" /> </staticContent>
High-Availability IIS cluster
To add some extra information regarding Etag headers and clusters:
In a High-Available, Failover IIS cluster, for example for high-performance Umbraco, you need Etag headers. This header makes sure the web servers always sends the correct version of a file. So, don’t remove etag headers unless you are sure your website is not hosted on a high-availability cluster.
The ETag header is used for web cache validation, and enables a Web server to not have to send a full response if no changes have been made to the content.iis.net Client Cache <clientCache>
setEtagcan be set in the Configuration Editor in the path